Sunday, May 24, 2020

Vaccines The Causative Agent Of A Disease Essay

A Vaccine is defined as, â€Å"A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease. Its products treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease.† Vaccines have been around for hundreds of years. It is believed that the first unofficial vaccine was created in 1661 by a Chinese Emperor. Throughout the years, vaccines have become more advanced. For example, in 1955, public vaccination for Polio began and Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin found two different vaccines to fight this disease. Vaccines are very important in the world, yet many people have little knowledge about them. In today’s society, we have many different vaccines that hold great importance, though there many pros, there are still some cons still not worked out. Ever since vaccines were created, many diseases have been cured, and millions of lives have been saved. Some of the major diseases that vaccines work to prevent are; Smallpox, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Measles, Neonatal tetanus, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis, and Polio (Vaccines Bring 7 Diseases Under Control, 2016). These immunizations have been able to save about 9 million lives a year worldwide. The only disease that has been fully eradicated by vaccines so far is Smallpox. Just because Smallpox is the only disease that is gone completely, does not mean that other disease will not soon follow. It is predicted that Polio could be the next diseaseShow MoreRelatedEssay On Causative Agent1054 Words   |  5 PagesCausative Agent: Human herpesvirus-3 (HHV-3) Disease: Varicella (chicken pox) and Herpes Zoster (shingles) Classification of the causative agent: Varicella Zoster virus is a member of the Herpesviridae family, sub classified as an alpha- herpesvirinae based on its DNA sequencing and genome arrangement. It has a herpesvirus virion structure with an inner DNA core, a capsid, a tegument (layer of proteins), and an outer envelope. Microscopic visualization of the varicella-zoster virusRead MoreVibrio cholerae1286 Words   |  6 Pages Introduction to Microbiology Pathogen paper Vibrio cholera Nazarbayev University Taxonomy and Morphology Vibrio cholerae is a gram-negative bacterium which is causative agent for the diarrheal disease cholera. Vibrio cholerae is a member of the Vibrionaceae family, which is a facultative anaerobic and is capable of respiratory and fermentative metabolism. It does not form spores and its motility is due to the single polar flagellum. Vibrios are highly halophylic and are veryRead MoreEssay on Bacterial Meningitis866 Words   |  4 Pagesnervous system. This inflammation can be caused by any number of pathogens such as fungi, viruses, and bacteria. Bacteria is most commonly associated with the disease even though causative viruses can be more prevalent, but never discovered because the mildness of the symptoms. The study of meningitis dates back to the 1960s when the causative organisms were discovered and treatments were developed. Since then the mortality rate from bacterial meningitis has not changed much despite the introductionRead MorePolio : A Infectious Viral Disease1718 Wor ds   |  7 Pages1.0 Understanding Biology 1.1 Introduction Poliomyelitis, also known as Polio is a highly infectious viral disease that directly invades the nervous system and can cause permanent paralysis (WHO, 2015). The causative agent for Polio is the poliovirus, which is a single strand RNA. Polio is transmitted through faecal-oral contact and is usually found in places with very low sanitation (Victoria State Gov. 2007). Another mode of transmission is coming into direct contact with someone who is infectedRead MoreLyme Disease : A Common Disease1596 Words   |  7 Pagesweakening diseases of the world can often be found crawling around in the shrubs and tall grasses of one’s backyard. It does not mean that only dirty yards have this disease but, it is found in every North Americans backyard. The disease is called Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a fairly common disease that often goes misdiagnosed in many cases. There are many misunderstandings about this disease. Causative Agent: Every disease has a causative agent. The causative agent of Lyme disease is the bacteriumRead MoreTheme I History Of Microbiology1710 Words   |  7 Pageslarge. It took a long time until Microbiology as science develops. This happens at the end of the nineteenth century, after finding answers to two basic questions in biology:  · Is there spontaneous generation?  · What is the cause of infectious diseases? SPONTANEOUS GENERATION IS THERE? The theory of spontaneous generation was proposed by Francesco Redi, saying that all organisms arose spontaneously. This theory is refuted for macroscopic organisms (steak and worms) but not for the animalculesRead MoreThe Causative Agent Of Lyme Disease1617 Words   |  7 Pagesweakening diseases of the world can often be found crawling around in the shrubs and tall grasses of a person’s backyard. It does not mean that only dirty yards have this disease but it is found in every North Americans backyard. The disease is called Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a fairly common disease that often goes misdiagnosed in many cases. There are many misconceptions about this disease. Causative Agent: Every disease has a causative agent. The causative agent of Lyme disease is the bacteriumRead MoreThe Pathophysiology Of Bacterial Meningitis1505 Words   |  7 Pagesbacterial meningitis Bacterial meningitis is an acute inflammation of the meninges and the CFS. The introduction of antimicrobial therapy has had a manifest result on the progress of the prognosis. The introduction of the vaccine against Haemophilus influenza type B, Hib vaccine and streptococcus pneumoniae has steered to huge changes in the epidemiology of bacterial meningitis. The inflammatory response to the infection tends to increase CSF production with a moderate increase in ICP. In bacterialRead MoreHealth Case Study875 Words   |  4 Pagesresults in death or survival with no disabilities so there are no other methods of prevention to discuss. The primary issue with EVD is that the locations in which this disease usually appears is not prepped for the rapid treatment and management of many of these cases. The patients are hypovolemic, vomiting, require constant aid to prevent hyper-perfusion of the organs and all the while require PPE (Bah et al., 2015). Not only is this strenuous on any health-care personnel, it requires intense staffingRead MoreEssay On Classification Of Avian Avulavirus Serotype-1967 Words   |  4 PagesClassification of Avian Avulavirus serotype-1 The causative agent of ND, is now classified as a species Avian avulavirus serotype-1 (AAV-1). Recently, the 10th annual International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV, EC 48, Budapest, Hungary, August 2016), categorized the virus as a member of the genus Avulavirus of the paramyxoviridae family (Alexander, 1997) in the order of mononegavirales (Knipe and Hetsley, 2001; Mayo, 2002; Murphy et al., 1995; Afonso et al., 2016). The order mononegavirales

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Current Rating System in the United States Essay

English 122 12-1-11 The Current Rating System in the United States The current content rating system in use for film, the MPAA, is the only content rating system that is legally enforced in the United States. For this reason, the system has caused controversy. Many have claimed that the system is unbalanced, as the MPAA bases the level of appropriate content for all people in the United States off of the opinions of an unidentified council of people over the age of forty (Jenkins). The stance on how the system’s effectiveness is a relative stance, however, the secondhand effects of the system are obvious and existing today. Decisions have been made by film distribution companies that have affected the way films with objectionable†¦show more content†¦This type of butterfly effect that the rating system has on films is evident: the attempt to block off certain age limits to harsh types of content has ultimately put pressure on artists to limit types of ways to tell a story in mainstream film. In the interview with filmmaker Kirby Dick on this subject, the interviewer asks him about the topic of sexuality in film, MPAA’s stance on sexuality, and how Dick represented these ideas presented in his film. Dick stated, Allison Anders makes the very interesting point that in some ways the ratings system is more restrictive of sexuality now than it was in the Sixties and Seventies. I think there are a number of reasons. Perhaps to some degree society has shifted slightly. Film studios were making some money from films that were more sexually provocative, like Midnight Cowboy. But, then again, you have to realize that the studios benefit from the systems coming down hard on films, especially on independent films about adult sexuality. To begin with, who makes those films? Independents and foreign filmmakers make those films, and thats the studios competition. So they restrict it. Its not much competition, but it does make a difference. Jt also makes it appear like the Rating Jioard is doing its job as censors, as raters, doing their job, and doesnt pay attention to the fact that all these films about violence are slipping through unencumbered by a rating. And the studio filmmakers are keptShow MoreRel atedPerformance of a Hybrid Vehicle Compared to a Gasoline Vehicle: Ford Fusion 2013 SE1139 Words   |  5 Pagesgasoline American car with an internal combustion engine was built and since that year until the late 18th century electric vehicles were introduced in the United States. Moreover, the Hybrid Lohner-Porsche became the first car that runs on gasoline and electricity. Hybrid combined two, the electric and the internal combustion engine propulsion systems, or more power sources to drive the vehicle. The new hybrid vehicles are more efficient and powerful in the term of technology and economy; it providesRead MoreThe Causes And Cons Of The United States Congress?711 Words   |  3 PagesThe United States Congress has been on a downward spiral in the past decade, in 2009 their approval rating was at 37% compared to a mere 13% as of this week. This begs the question of whether our electoral laws for Congress are truly working in our current political climate. The house of rep resentatives currently divided at 240 Republicans to 194 Democrats and 1 independent. This clear divide has been seen in the inability to pass legislation and the clear lack of partisanship within the house. Read MoreThe Entertainment Software Rating Board : Unregulated Censorship Of Violence1385 Words   |  6 PagesThe Entertainment Software Rating Board: Unregulated Censorship of Violence While some people work hard on keeping their children safe from violence on TV or online, it is becoming common knowledge that every child will be subjected to at least one form of violence while growing up. (Ciaran Connolly, 2014) The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-governing entity, established by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA) in 1994, which is responsible for implementing and enforcingRead MoreEssay about Rate My Teacher862 Words   |  4 PagesAs the youth of America, adults continuously stress the importance of education not only for self-betterment, but also to develop youths into the future leaders of the United States of America. Keeping this in mind, it is no wonder that many people praise teachers as the molders of the future of America. However, if students do not do as well as they could in school, it is necessarily fair to put all of the blame on them? Although commonly overlooked, there are two parts in the equation when consideringRead MoreA Research Report On The Strategy Of Identi Drive1198 Words   |  5 PagesThe company will centralize its efforts around a facial recognition system called Identi-Drive. Identi-Drive will allow customers to start their car s, scan for eye movement to ensure that the driver is alert and focused while operating the vehicle, and notify the driver if it detects distraction. This research paper will investigate the economic challenges that this company will face during the start up period, as well as economic conditions that the company will face during its days of operationRead MoreNotes On Bond And Bond Rating1140 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction to bond and bond ratings A bond is a form of debt in which you loan your money to a company, city, or government and in return they agree to return the money to you after an agreed upon time, with payments of interest to you while they hold your money (Wall Street Journal, 2015). There are many different kinds of bonds, and they are sold to fund various different projects. Bonds are seen as a safe investment and also offer investors a steady stream of income from the interest paymentsRead MoreEighteen Years of Political Gridlock Essay1572 Words   |  7 Pagesdiscusses the current feelings of the time in regards to the budget and taxation. Moreover, the article mentions factors such as democrat-republican debate, trickle down economics, and high verse low taxes for the middle class. The issues discussed in this 1993 article differ only slightly from the taxation conversation of today. However, now in 2011, we face a budget crisis that threatens the American economy and lifestyle. Consequently, the United S tates needs a solution to the current bureaucraticRead MorePresentation Of The Presidential Election868 Words   |  4 Pagesdifferent demographics. The issues debated will not only have an impact on the United States, but they will have an even bigger impact on other countries all over the world. An estimated 50 million people are projected to vote on November 8, 2016, and 58% of Americans between the ages of 18-24 will be voting in this year s election. These number can play a huge part in determining who will be the next President of the United States. There are four primary candidates for the 2016 Presidential election areRead MoreMoody s Committed No Crime Or Infraction1512 Words   |  7 Pagessomewhat lax stance in regards to it’s’ ratings on residential mortgage backed securities. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Moody’s, Raymond McDaniel, testified before the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission that while Moody’s did observe a trend in the declining quality of mortgage-backed securities as early as 2003, that it is not the role of Moody’s nor any other credit rating agency to serve as the â€Å"gate-keeper† of the securities market and that their ratings are merely opinions, not definitiveRead MoreNo Taxation Without Representation On Future Americans1327 Words   |  6 Pagesprinciple of our nation that there will be no taxation without representation. The current fiscal actions of our nation will pass the burden on to future generations, and they will be the ones require d to pay for today’s spending. Without a say in this fiscal burden being passed to them, the lack of a balanced budget is in effect, taxation without representation on future Americans. My proposed amendment to the United States Constitution would create a requirement for a balanced national budget each year

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Counselling Skills Free Essays

The purpose of this essay is describing the counselling practices that I did in my class room. I n this reflective essay, I will describe the style of counselling that I used so far , the actions I had taken, the area of skills where I need further improvement, my perception about the feedbacks from other students and faculty supervisor . By discussing this particular experience in detail, I can start to aware of the specific skills and technique which counsellor may use in different situation of the client in order to boost the client to take positive action by her or himself . We will write a custom essay sample on Counselling Skills or any similar topic only for you Order Now As part of community welfare curriculum, I need to role paly 20 minutes of counselling session with my colleague. Before the final role play I had done few days of practice sessions with my colleague. I was getting feedback from rest of the classmates and teacher as they would be the observers of the counselling sessions. I found the practice sessions challenging because my friend was acting as client. Even though I was playing the role of counsellor, my mind was struggling to consider my friend as client. Before embarking upon my reflection regarding counselling, I would like to contribute a brief description of about the client. My client was 52years of old lady who was looking after her 72 years of old mother. She (mother of the client) was suffering dementia. The client hast two kids who are studying. As she was working seven days, she wasn’t getting time to ventilate her feeling to anyone. Actually she came to me with complaints of stress. She was afraid to tell her mother she was contemplating nursing home care. Basically I was really focused on my micro skills rather than therapeutic skills† as they plays pivotal role in counselling skills more â€Å"I belief. The micro skills such as empathy, questioning, minimal encourages, paraphrasing , summary, eye contact, body language, voice, structure, observation, listening and reflection of feeling could germinate the pathways to motivate the clients to ventilate his or her deeper feelings and more over could help the counsellor to build up purposeful relationship with client. However I tried to involve bit of cognitive behaviour therapy specifically downward arrow and questioning technique. As a counsellor my intention was to challenge her (client) about her irrational belief’ the mother would be upset when I tell about the need of nursing care ’. I tried to confront the client with the reality of situation by supporting the client to think of probable consequences such as â€Å"what‘s the worst that could happen if tell your mum about nursing home rehabilitation? † And a part from that used technique of universalization by describing similar kind of experiences but it was not enough for my client get enough courage to face her issue. I tried the empty chair concept which I was extracted from gestalt therapy (Patterson, 1986). The empty chair was failure, even though it nurtured the idea of asking the client â€Å"how would to response to a friend of having the same scenario†? That was the turning point as it brought insight to the client that I was anticipating her mother’s response and that was I worried more about rather than agony related to send mother to nursing home. All the counselling sessions were challenging because it was very hard to consider the colleague as a client and more over I was unsure in the beginning where to start, what I would ask, how in depth the session would be and so on. On the basis of the feedback that I got, in the first few days of the counselling role play I was expressing insufficient empathy as I was not acknowledging properly the scenario of the client. The posture wasn’t good enough because I was swinging on my chair. According to my point of view I need to avoid giving advice or tendency of giving solutions as it violates the self-determination right of the client. The comments from my colleagues were very helpful as it helped me to stick in the main stream of counselling structure. In my counselling interventions, the tendency of asking more questions and collecting information (exactly same as case history taking) was not uncommon. The tendency might be because I had taken many case histories before as part of social work studies. It was confusing rather than focusing on the client’s issue. For instance once the client told about the need of rehabilitation for her mother, I was diverted from her (client) stress and started to thinking of certain strategies to deal her mother’s issue (dementia) . Therefore I just need to train myself to focus on the client issue. Feedback has a very good role in improving the skills of the counsellor. It helps to determine the area where improvement or modification is needed. For example I employed empathy but not enough to acknowledge the feelings of the client. The suggestions from my mates demonstrated the way we express empathy towards client’s feelings and also illustrated lots of relevant questions which I could ask to the client. From the brief explanation of self-reflection of counselling skills, counselling mproves personal effectiveness (Narayana Rao, 2002). The counsellor aims to bring about positive action on part of counselee and change the perception or understanding (irrational belief) by him or her shelf. The counsellor should be skilful in employing micro skills and the practical application of some sort of therapies from the counsellors could be helpful to provide self-direction to client or client. The feedbacks or comments from clients, colleagues, supervisors and other organizational staffs bring improvement or development of skills among counsellors. The counsellors themselves learn from experiences. Counsellor education and training or role plays stress the need of consistent approach in terms of counsellor’s experience, personality all reflects in his or her counselling. The practical sessions brings eligibility to counsellors to choose the style, ideas, principles, techniques and methods that appeal to him as meaningful and useful. The new insights from feedback enable the client to re-evaluate the ideas, principles, methods and modify or change according to client’s situation. This role paly session was very helpful for me because it improved my skills of developing counselling relationship with client. Now I hope I know thoroughly how would start? Howe would motivate the client to ventilate his or her feelings? How would I approach therapeutically the client? And also I could learn how could use the technique ‘silence’ effectively? So over all this counselling role paly was a great opportunity to get insight into my advantage and dis advantage of counselling skills. Therefore I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere thanks to my faculty supervisor and my colleagues. How to cite Counselling Skills, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

On slavery in different nations Essay Example For Students

On slavery in different nations Essay To simply go from a familiar language, custom, tradition and even food to go to a foreign land where language sent understood, custom and tradition are different and the food is unfamiliar and distasteful to the taste buds was enough for slaves to desire death, and, in fact, actually commit suicide and make the constant attempt to run away which was hardly ever successful anyway. These African slaves were sold by their own African people to Europeans in exchange for goods, brought on ships, naked and chained like animals, to the Americas to be sold for a profitable amount in order to work the plantations and to be a slave to their white masters for the rest of their lives gaining increasing and wealth for their masters. Zion explains all of this in Chop 2, Drawing the Color Line, He explains the mistreatment and punishment that blacks encountered during the time of slavery and the physical and psychological effects that blacks were compelled to endure for the countless years of slavery and downright brutality. We will write a custom essay on On slavery in different nations specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Slavery was always in effect long ago by the selling and buying that took place between the Africans and the Portuguese. Slavery also took place directly in the land of Africa from other Africans of different tribes although slavery in Africa and slavery in the Americas was much more different. Zion states, African slavery is hardly to be praised. But it was far different from plantation or mining slavery in the Americas, which was lifelong, morally crippling, destructive of family ties, without hope of any future. African slavery lacked two elements that made American slavery the most cruel form of slavery in history: the frenzy for limitless profit that comes from capitalistic agriculture; the reduction Of the slave to less than human Status by the use of racial hatred, with that relentless clarity based on color, where whites was master, black was slave (Zion, p. 28). Although Africans were slaves to their own people, it was a different kind of slavery. It was a slavery of servitude. If debt was owed, the debtors would be enslaved for a limited amount of years but they were not enslaved for life. In fact, their kids werent enslaved neither. It was very common for African slave children to be married into the family of their African masters. However, to be a slave to a white master in the Americas was to be a slave for life, childrens children a slave, be called all types of derogatory names and suffer psychologically, physically, emotionally and spiritually all for he sake of being black. Slavery in America was meant to strip away the self- respect, dignity and family ties of blacks that came from Africa, There were white indentured slaves back then that got along well with the blacks because they were all seen as equal in the eyes of their masters as well as each other, however, these white servants were treated much different from the blacks and punishment was much more severe for the blacks than it was for the whites so, still, they werent treated fairly. However, when it was noticed by the petite masters that white and black servants were uniting and teaming together to eight against the white masters, the petite masters became intimidated and came up With a new plan to brainwash the White servants and to tell them that black people are bad and that they can reach the level of affluence if they disassociate themselves from the blacks; and even they went as far as to make it a legal law for whites not to be seen in the company of blacks or even remotely involve themselves in any form Of interracial marriages. .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .postImageUrl , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:hover , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:visited , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:active { border:0!important; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:active , .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953 .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufc5da80800b024dd56fd88e92b9c1953:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Drawing on examples from Chapters EssayThe blacks populated the Americas and worked in the plantation helping the white masters get rich. They worked extremely hard but were not compensated or their work. They were separated from their families, branded, whipped and called all types of derogatory names to physically and psychologically break down. When they would try to start a revolution and fight back, they were killed and were easy to be killed due to the weapons that their masters possessed. However, there were some slaves hack then that actually did get away and ran up into the mountains. They were called maroons located in the island of Jamaica, According to the article, Many African American slaves fled into the hills to escape the brutality they were treated with. These became known as maroons, who lived like nomads and fed off what nature would provide them, They got away and developed their own agriculture and way of living in the mountains in which a lot of these maroons still exist today. They refused to be mistreated and suffer the consequences of slavery so this avgas their escape. Its unfortunate what happened during those days of slavery Black men were stripped away of their pride, self-respect and dignity, oven were raped and bore children of their white masters, black families were separated, division occurred amongst the light African Americans and the dark African Americans, lighter complexion African Americans had the privilege of working inside Of the homes With their masters while those of darker skin had to work the cotton field in the hot beaming sun by their lonesome dividing the African American race as a Whole, childrens children were slaves, laws were implemented to separate the blacks from the poor whites, derogatory names, whippings, lynching, burning killing were the ground rules for the slaves if they were disobedient in any kind of way to their masters and so any other things were done to the slaves back then that was so inhumane, unfair and just downright degrading. The Europeans always had the intent to enslave any nation or tribe of people that they felt were inferior to them due to their misconception of superiority, Initially, they tries to enslave the poor white Europeans and the Indians but the first white colonies in Jamestown, Virginia were outnumbered by the Indians and couldnt dare to fight against them because tort one, the Indians would fight back. And, for two, it was their land so the Indians knew how and where to escape. Whereas, the Africans were taken way from their land, brought into an unfamiliar land and so they knew nothing about this new land. And, although, they tried to fight back by killing some of their masters by retrieving their guns and poisoning them in foods, etc: they didnt have the weapons that the Europeans had so they were able to fight but so much before they were found and killed. The legalization of certain laws to protect the whites was another tactic to get rid of the Negroes in case of disobedience or fear of being attacked by the Negroes such as, All persons except Negroes were to get arms and ammunition (Zion, P 301 This didnt apply only to the Negroes but for any tribe of people that were seen as inferior to the Europeans such as the Indians. The whole plan Of the Europeans was to conquer and divide. They wanted every piece of land to themselves and didnt mind hurting Others just to get IL They mocked black people back then and shamed them by calling them animals, inhumane, inferior and bad people because of the color Of their skin. But, if you ask me, truth is, the Europeans were the true animals, inhumane, inferior and bad people to treat a race of people as less than in gain of riches, fame, and conquer.

Friday, March 27, 2020

My Last Duchess Essay Example

My Last Duchess Essay My Last Duchess When reading My Last Duchess at first it was quite confusing. The narrator doesnt finish his thoughts at the ending of every line which kept me guessing and trying to piece it all together. After reading it the third time I finally came to understand exactly what he was trying to say. The narrator was a troubled powerful man who was showing Offa piece of art to another man, but little did he know at first what exactly that painting meant. First, I would like to describe a little bit about the poem. The narrator was a Duke, and his last duchess was a beautiful young woman, but she as too intrigued by everything she saw. She was also, too nice in his eyes, because the smile she always gave him for his brilliance, he could see she would also give it to the world. In the beginning of the poem the narrator is already speaking toa man and showing off his painting on the wall done by Fra Pandolf. He makes sure he states the artist name because he know he will soon be asked the question of how he captured such a wonderful painting. The Duke goes on to say: How such a glance came there; so, not the first Are you to turn and ask thus. We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Sir, twas not Her husbands presence only, called that spot Of Joy into the Duchess cheek: perhaps Fra Pandolf chanced to say Her mantle laps Over my ladys wrist too much, or Paint Must never hope to reproduce the faint Half-flush that dies along her throat: such stuff Was courtesy, she thought, and cause enough For calling up that spot of Joy. (12-21) The Duke is there stating how he knows his duchess was so naive and so delighted by such flirting and by a man Just simply being nice enough to give her a compliment that she would suddenly blush and smile. You can then come to see that the narrator is a Jealous man and probably insecure as well. He did not like to share, nor did he like to be belittled or made a fool. I wouldnt say that he was a bad man, but more of a complicated soul. Why? He says: Oh sir, she smiled, no doubt, Wheneer I passed her; but who passed without Much the same smile? (43-45) Those words are clearly stating his trouble with Jealousy. He needs to be in control and the one and only. Possession even comes to mind. Because of such Jealousy, and such pride he let it all get the best of him. He is a moral man and in high command. Such high command that he knows of what his powers allow him to do. Which such power shows that he is unsympathetic. I believe his biggest conflict throughout the poem was him coming to realize what exactly he had done, and why exactly he had done it. By saying the words out loud and hearing them being spoken he could see what kind of man he truly was, or at least I could. He didnt know how to control his duchess of being such an intrigued naive beauty, nor did he know how to deal with it emotionally and mentally. Which leads me to the ending of the poem, while the duke and explaining how he lost the first one. I quote, Robert Brownings states in the following lines, This grew; I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together. (45-46) Here he shows his power and his Jealousy. He says how he gave commands to have her killed so that her beautiful smile which she gave to all who intrigued her would no longer be. This was his way of keeping himself sane and at peace and to know he had the last say, he control over her. I guess you could call this man in love, and one who is troubled in his own green monster of Jealousy. Up until that last part, which I stated above, I thought of him as a troubled man, in love, and confused on how to handle his Jealousy. I didnt think of his as cruel or crazy, Just a little thoughtless, which is ironic because clearly he gave a lot of thought in his last commands. The part of the poem which made me think of his being a little crazy was the ending of the poem, where he switches off like a light. Stating: There she stands As if alive. Willt please you rise? Well meet The company below, then Nay, well go Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity, Which Claus of Innsbruck cast in bronze for me! (46-56) He is there, reminiscing almost, about his old beautiful wife, in front of the man who is negotiating his new marriage to another young girl, and you can see how he pours his old life out to this man and then completely Just stops and starts to talk about a meaning sculpture as if nothing has happened, as if he didnt have his last wife killed. That is what made be believe he is almost heartless. My Last Duchess Essay Example My Last Duchess Paper Robert Browning’s â€Å"My Last Duchess† Published 1842 Our world is changing and evolving at an astounding rate. Within the last 200 years, we have seen two World Wars and countless disputes over false borders created by colonialists, slavery, and every horrid form of human suffering imaginable!! Human lifestyles and cultures are changing every minute. While our grandparents and ancestors were growing up, do you ever think they imagined the world we live in today? What is to come is almost inconceivable to us now. In this world, the only thing we can be sure of is that things will change. With all of these transformations occurring, it is a wonder that a great poet like Robert Browning may write words so many years ago, that are still relevant to you and I in todays modern society. Browning’s first dramatic monologue â€Å"My last duchess† was written during the Italian Renaissance when egotism, marriage and aristocracy influenced the society. The monologue is loosely based on historical events involving Alfonso, the Duke of Ferrara, who lived in the 16th century. The Duke is the reciter of the monologue, and tells us he is entertaining an emissary who has come to negotiate the Duke’s marriage (he has recently been widowed) to the daughter of another powerful family. As he shows the visitor through his palace, he stops before a portrait of the late Duchess, apparently a young and lovely girl. The Duke begins reminiscing about the portrait sessions, then about the Duchess herself. We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on My Last Duchess specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer His musings give way to a diatribe on her disgraceful behaviour: he claims she flirted with everyone and did not appreciate his â€Å"gift of a nine-hundred-years- old name. † As his monologue continues, the reader realizes with ever-more chilling certainty that the Duke in fact caused the Duchess’s early demise: when her behaviour escalated, â€Å"[he] gave commands; / Then all smiles stopped together. † But Browning has more in mind than simply creating a colourful character and placing him in a picturesque historical scene. Rather, the specific historical setting of the poem harbours much significance: the Italian Renaissance held a particular fascination for Browning and his contemporaries, for it represented the flowering of the aesthetic and the human alongside, or in some cases in the place of, the religious and the moral. Thus the temporal setting allows Browning to again explore sex, violence, and aesthetics as all entangled, complicating and confusing each other: the lushness of the language belies the fact that the Duchess was punished for her natural sexuality. The Duke’s ravings suggest that most of the supposed transgressions took place only in his mind. Like some of Browning’s fellow Victorians, the Duke sees sin lurking in every corner. The reason the speaker here gives for killing the Duchess ostensibly differs from that given by the speaker of â€Å"Porphyria’s Lover† for murder Porphyria; however, both women are nevertheless victims of a male desire to inscribe and fix female sexuality. The desperate need to do this mirrors the efforts of Victorian society to mould the behaviour—sexual and otherwise—of individuals. For people confronted with an increasingly complex and anonymous modern world, this impulse comes naturally: to control would seem to be to conserve and stabilize. The Renaissance was a time when morally dissolute men like the Duke exercised absolute power, and as such it is a fascinating study for the Victorians: works like this imply that, surely, a time that produced magnificen t art like the Duchess’s portrait couldn’t have been entirely evil in its allocation of societal control—even though it put men like the Duke in power.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Should I Go to a Rural, Urban, or Suburban College

Should I Go to a Rural, Urban, or Suburban College SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips The location of a school can have a big impact on your experience as a student. It’s important to be aware of your preferences and make sure you choose a college that lines up with what will make you happiest. In this article, I’ll give you some details on the characteristics of rural, urban, and suburban college environments so that you can decide which one sounds like the best fit for you. What Is a Rural College Environment Like? Rural colleges are colleges that are located in the country, often with access to wilderness areas and farms. Generally, a college is considered rural if its campus is in a town with a population of less than 25,000 people.These schools can provide great outdoor learning opportunities in fields like environmental science and agriculture. I attendedDartmouth College, which I would consider a rural schoolgivenits remote location in the small town of Hanover, NH. While there, I took a class called â€Å"Food and Power.† We got to go on a field trip to the organic farm that’s associated with the college and eat some delicious fresh asparagus. (Seriously, I didn’t know it was possible for asparagus to taste that good.)Students also had the opportunity to work on the farm and learn more about how food was grown, an experience that wouldn't be accessible in a city environment. Usually at rural colleges there will still be a small town of some kind nearby so you can buy basic necessities that aren’t available on campus.Rural colleges tend to be far from any major city centers, although some do provide busing for students to cities that are within a reasonable distance (e.g. a couple of hours away).Rural college campuses are often very self-contained, meaning that not many students will live off campus because there aren’t enough options! Most events will happen on campus since there are very few opportunities to go out to clubs or shows off-campus.For this reason, rural colleges will often bring free concerts and performances to their students.These can be pretty cool, and this state of affairsalso means that you’ll spend a lot less money on going out with your friends.The scenery and activities available can vary immensely depending on where a rural college is located. Some are near mountains with great skiing and hiking and some might be near lakes or nice biking trails. Examples of rural colleges include: Middlebury College Bucknell University Carleton College Bucknell University in either the spring or fall. I can't tell which it is. All I know is that those trees are showing a LOT of branch. Is a Rural College the Right Choice for You? Rural colleges are great for students who love the outdoors and want to be a part of a tight-knit community.If you prefer to go for a hike or hang out with your friends in a quieter setting rather than spend a night out on the town, a rural college may be right up your alley.Rural colleges are ideal for those who prefer a friendly, relaxed atmosphere where they will mainly be interacting with other college students.If the idea of living on campus for most or all of your time in college and sticking to the same few reliable options for entertainment and food doesn’t bother you, then you’ll probably like the atmosphere at a rural college. One drawback of this type of environment is that there might not be as many job or internship opportunities available in the immediate vicinity.However, this can also leave you more open to the possibility of traveling somewhere new and exciting for a summer internship or job rather than sticking around in the same area. Rural colleges will do their best to provide on-campus job opportunities for students who are interested. Another thing to keep in mind is the transportation situation at rural colleges. If you don't have a car, it's going to be difficult for you to get off campus. This can feel a little bit claustrophobic at times. Many schools do provide busing or access to local transportation systems, but it's much less convenient to get around without a car at a rural college. If you don't have a car, you will probably end up knowing someone with a car, though; it's typically not a huge issue unless you're set on driving home every weekend. What Is an Urban College Environment Like? Urban colleges are located in large cities (typically with populations of 200,000 or more).The layouts of urban college campuses can vary immensely; some are more self-contained in their own little bubbles, and some are spread throughout the city.If a campus is more spread out, the college often offers specialized public transportation shuttles for students or will provide students with passes to use on the city’s public transportationsystems.Urban college campuses are extremely variable depending on the city and neighborhood where they are located, so you'll need to visit the school and do some research before making too many assumptions about what the environment is actually like. In many cases, urban campuses will offer off-campus learning opportunities in the form of internships and classes that allow students to interact with the surrounding community.Since urban campuses have such a close proximity to so many company headquarters and job opportunities, they can be great places to start your internship search and get your foot in the door career-wise. Urban colleges will provide you with access to many off-campus entertainment options including museums, bars, clubs, concerts, movies, plays, and more.They also tend to attract a more diverse student body. Examples of urban colleges include: New York University Northeastern University UCLA The Northeastern University campus. Dat landscaping. Is an Urban College the Right Choice for You? If you’re all about being in an exciting setting with lots of events and diverse people, an urban college might be the place for you. Since students from a variety of different backgrounds tend to be drawn to schools in big cities, urban colleges usually have a less homogeneous student body than rural colleges.Urban colleges are good environments for outgoing students who like to explore and interact with all different types of people and cultures.There will always be something going on in the surrounding city, and you’ll be able to access pretty much any activity that interests you because of the breadth of experiences available.It’s likely that there will also be other college campuses nearby, so you might have more opportunities to meet and interact with students from other colleges. Overall, it's much easier to get around at urban colleges because you'll usually have access to a robust public transportation system. People will be able to visit you even if they don't have cars because of your central location. If you do have a car, you may run into some issues at an urban college because cars often become largely unnecessary, and it can be expensive to park. If you’re hoping to live off campus and get more of a taste of adult life in college, an urban college might be a good choice.You’ll have tons of choices for where you want to live as an upperclassman. Keep in mind, however, that you couldstill run into cost issues, especially in larger cities (looking at you, New York). High housing pricescan limit your choices and make dorm life a more realistic option.At an urban college, you also won’t be stuck with the school’s dining options or the limited number of restaurants that might be available at a college in a small town. If there’s a certain city that is a hot spot for a career field that interests you, you might consider attending an urban college in the area to do some networking. It's easier to make connections when you can meet up with potential employers face to face. What Is a Suburban College Environment Like? A suburban college is a college that’s located somewhere between the rural and urban college environment.These colleges may be in small cities, large towns, or residential areas near large cities with populations that number between 25,000 and 200,000.Suburban colleges will offer some of the qualities of both urban and rural schools depending on their proximity to cities and the layout of their campuses. Suburban college campuses tend to be self-contained like rural colleges, fostering a sense of community amongst students.However, students at suburban colleges will have more options for activities off campus in the surrounding area.Suburban campuses often provide students with access to both outdoor activities similar to those found at rural colleges and urban entertainment options such as the museums, concerts, and clubs mentioned above. In many cases, suburban colleges have strong ties to the towns in which they are located, meaning student discounts at local venues as well as more job and internship opportunities. Local transportation is often provided to students for easy access to activities in the area, but it may be less directly accessible than at urban schools. It can be useful to have a car at a suburban college, but it's usually not necessary for getting off campus. Examples of suburban colleges include: Pomona College University of Virginia Tufts University Pomona College, where you can't be sad unless you don't ever look outside. Is a Suburban College the Right Choice for You? If different aspects of both rural and urban colleges appeal to you, then the suburban college life might be a good fit.You may like being in the city to a certain degree, but you want to be able to get away that atmosphere sometimes and enjoy nature.Suburban colleges will give you many choices for how you want to spend your time outside of class. If you want to get off campus you can, but you can also choose to stay within the college bubble if that’s what makes you feel more comfortable.Depending on location, suburban colleges may offer more access to off-campus housing options for students.If you’re interested in living off-campus without being in the middle of a big, intimidating city, a suburban college could be a great choice. Conclusion Location and environment are very important factors to consider when choosing a college.Depending on your personality, you might be happier at a rural, urban, or suburban school.Rural campuses are great for students who want to experience the outdoors far from the hustle and bustle of city life and be a part of a very independent college community.Urban campuses might be a better fit for students who love to go out on the town, experience a wide variety of cultural events, and meet lots of new people outside of those who attend their same school.Suburban campuses present a mixture of both environments; if aspects of both rural and suburban colleges appeal to you, a suburban college might be the way to go. Remember that this is just one factor that you should think about in your college search!Read my guide on how to choose a college to help you start brainstorming your preferences and researching schools. What's Next? You've probably heard of safety schools and reach schools, but how should you go about choosing them for yourself? Read more about how to decide on the bestsafety schools and reach schools in these articles. Another important way that colleges are categorized is by their status as public or private institutions. Find out what each type of school offers and whether one might be a better fit for you. Going to a college that's far away from your hometown can be a tough transition, but it's a great experience for many students. Learn about the pros and cons of going to school out of state. Want to improve your SAT score by 160points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Explaining a recent innovation in your area of interest or expertise Research Paper

Explaining a recent innovation in your area of interest or expertise - Research Paper Example This is a process that has taken to task doctors and scientists worldwide. One of the major setbacks to this work was inadequate finances. Though this is and has been a global problem, states were not able to come together to pool resources so as to support the noble work that the scientists set out to do. It turned out that only few countries provided the financial support to this project, while others showed no interests in the on-going work, yet they too are affected by the virus. The accomplishment was nonetheless realized thanks to the support of the non-governmental organizations and other well-wishers (Grady, 1995). Another great challenge is the fact that the HIV virus replicates very fast, and once it attacks a CD4+ T cell, it quickly makes very many copies of itself. These copies infect other immune cells. Since it makes many copies of itself, it overwhelms the body’s immunity hence weakening the body. This is worsened by the fact that as the replication takes place, there is DNA sequence change that results into different strands of the virus. The vaccine developed should be able to help prevent all these strands. Unlike many other viruses that attack the human body, the primary target of the HIV virus is the immune system, particularly the CD4+ cells. The virus destroys these cells hence making it difficult for the body to protect itself from other infections, even subsequent HIV infections. The vaccine developed therefore has to work to strengthen the system so that the invading virus does not weaken the body, but is able to prepare it to fight off the virus, at the same time leaving the body strong. There are already in existence big companies that manufacture anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs), the drugs currently used to contain the deadly virus. These companies are already making billions in this business and would therefore want to keep making money. An attempt to come up with vaccines is a threat to their business